Other types of axial flow fan

Reversal of the direction of rotation of an axial fan reverses the direction in which the airflows. The performance of guide vane fans in reverse is extremely poor, but non-guide vane and con­tra-rotating fans will deliver 60% to 70% of the forward volume flow when reversed on a given system. The reduction is due to the fact that the aerofoil sections are operating tail-first and have their camber (curvature) in the wrong direction.

A truly reversible impeller can be built from standard parts by ro­tating every other blade through 180°. Half will then be running nose-first and half tail-first, the volume flow being about 85% of normal in each direction. A more recent innovation has been to design blades with two top surfaces (Figure 1.87) when the per­formance can be over 92% of normal in each direction.

Other types of axial flow fan

Figure 1.87 Truly reversible flow blade section

Posted in Fans Ventilation A Practical Guide


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