LIFE CYCLE ASSESSMENT History of LCA

The first well-known LCA study was funded by Coca-Cola in 1969. Its pur­pose was to compare resource consumption and emissions associated with beverage containers. During the energy crisis, several studies were performed with an emphasis on energy. Before 1990, LCA studies dealt mainly with emissions and use of resources and were limited to technical systems.

During the early 1990s, several methods were developed to interpret the results of LCA studies in terms of environmental impacts. Some methods were also developed to weigh various impacts against each other. In the early 1990s, the practicing number of LCA experts increased considerably.

One reason for this expansion was the increase in computer software ca­pable of handling the large amounts of LCA data. Another reason was the clear signal from governments to focus on products and initiate sustainable development.

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